Senate Bill #2246 (2022)

AN ACT RELATING TO LABOR AND LABOR RELATIONS - TIP PROTECTION

Prohibits employers from receiving any portion of the tips given by customers to their tipped employees, with limited exceptions for credit card service charges.

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Changes since original draft

  • 2022 – S 2246
  • 2022 – S 2246 SUBSTITUTE A
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  • LC004366
  • LC004366/SUB A/2
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  • S T A T E O F R H O D E I S L A N D
  • IN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
  • JANUARY SESSION, A.D. 2022
  • ____________
  • A N A C T
  • RELATING TO LABOR AND LABOR RELATIONS - TIP PROTECTION
  • Introduced By: Senators Kallman, Coyne, Sosnowski, Goodwin, Acosta, Zurier, Mack,
  • Cano, DiPalma, and Seveney
  • Date Introduced: February 08, 2022
  • Referred To: Senate Labor
  • It is enacted by the General Assembly as follows:
  • SECTION 1. Title 28 of theGeneral Laws entitled"LABOR AND LABOR RELATIONS" is hereby amended by adding thereto the following chapter:
  • CHAPTER 14.1
  • TIP PROTECTION
  • 28-14.1-1. Definitions.
  • Whenever used in this chapter:
  • (1) "Employer" means any individual, firm, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, corporation, receiver, or other like officer appointed by a court of this state, and any agent or officer of any of the previously mentioned classes, employing any person in this state.
  • (2) "Service charge" means a compulsory fee charged by an employer to a patron.
  • (3) "Tip" means voluntary monetary compensation received directly or indirectly by the employee for services rendered.
  • (4) "Tipped employee" means any employee engaged in an occupation in which the employee customarily and regularly receives more than thirty dollars ($30.00) a month in tips.
  • 28-14.1-2. Restrictions on tip pooling.
  • (a) A tip is the sole property of the tipped employee. Any arrangement between the employer and the tipped employee whereby any part of the tip received becomes the property of the employer is prohibited.
  • (b) The requirement that an employee must retain all tips does not preclude a valid tip pooling or sharing arrangement among employees who customarily and regularly receive tips.
  • (1) An employer must notify its employees of any required tip pool contribution amount, may only take a tip credit for the amount of tips each employee ultimately receives, and may not retain any of the employees' tips for any other purpose, except as provided in § 28-14.1-4.
  • (2) An employer that pays the full minimum wage and takes no tip credit may allow employees who are not tipped employees to participate in the tip pool. This shall not apply to exempt employees as defined by section 13(a)(1) of the Fair Labor Standards Act as defined by regulations 29 C.F.R. Part 541.
  • 28-14.1-3. Service charges.
  • Service charges are part of the employer's gross receipts. Sums distributed to employees from service charges cannot be counted as tips received, but may be used to satisfy the employer's minimum wage and overtime requirements pursuant to the provisions of §§ 28-12-4.1 and 28-12- 5. If an employee receives tips in addition to the compulsory service charge, those tips may be considered in determining whether the employee is a tipped employee and in the application of the tip credit.
  • 28-14.1-4. Credit cards.
  • Where tips are charged on acredit card and theemployer must paythe credit cardcompany a percentage on each sale, the employer may deduct that percentage from the employee's tips, provided that the employer notifies the employee of the deduction. This charge on the tip may not reduce the employee's wage below the required minimum wage. The amount due the employee must be paid no later than the regular pay day and may not be held while the employer is awaiting reimbursement from the credit card company.
  • SECTION 2. This act shall take effect upon passage.
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  • LC004366
  • LC004366/SUB A/2
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  • EXPLANATION
  • EXPLANATION
  • BY THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
  • OF
  • A N A C T
  • OF
  • A N A C T
  • RELATING TO LABOR AND LABOR RELATIONS - TIP PROTECTION
  • ***
  • This act would prohibit employers from receiving any portion of the tips given by customers to their tipped employees, with limited exceptions for credit card service charges.
  • This act would take effect upon passage. ======== LC004366 ========
  • ***
  • This act would prohibit employers from receiving any portion of the tips given by customers to their tipped employees, with limited exceptions for credit card service charges and would allow non-tipped employees to participate in a tip pool in instances where the employer pays the full minimum wage.
  • This act would take effect upon passage. ======== LC004366/SUB A/2 ========

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