Senate Bill #2952 (2018)

AN ACT RELATING TO CRIMINAL OFFENSES -- EXPLOSIVES AND FIREWORKS

Amends the criminal offense for placing bombs or falsely reporting bomb threats and criminalizes the possession of materials readily convertible to a bomb or explosive device.

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Changes since original draft

  • 2018 – S 2952
  • 2018 – S 2952 SUBSTITUTE A
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  • LC005619
  • LC005619/SUB A
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  • S T A T E O F R H O D E I S L A N D
  • IN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
  • JANUARY SESSION, A.D. 2018
  • ____________
  • A N A C T
  • RELATING TO CRIMINAL OFFENSES – EXPLOSIVES AND FIREWORKS
  • Introduced By: Senators Lynch Prata, Ruggerio, and Goodwin
  • Date Introduced: May 31, 2018
  • Referred To: Senate Judiciary
  • It is enacted by the General Assembly as follows:
  • SECTION 1. Section 11-13-9 of the General Laws in Chapter 11-13 entitled "Explosives and Fireworks" is hereby amended to read as follows:
  • 11-13-9. Threats, false report of or placing bombs in buildings. Placing of explosive devices, threats, possession of readily convertible components.
  • (a) Every person who, without lawful authority, places a bomb, or other explosive in any public or private building, or area where persons may lawfully assemble as provided in § 11-11-1 device or any destructive or incendiary device or substance or falsely reports the placing of a bomb, explosive device or any destructive or incendiary device or substance shall upon conviction be imprisoned not less than three (3) years nor more than twenty (20) years and fined not less than one thousand dollars ($1,000) nor more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000).
  • (b) Every person who threatens to place a bomb, or other explosive in any public or private building, or area where persons may lawfully assemble as provided in § 11-11-1, device, or any destructive or incendiary device or substance, or falsely reports the placing of a bomb, or other explosive in the building or area device, or any destructive or incendiary device or substance, shall, upon conviction, be imprisoned not less than one year nor more than ten (10) years and fined not less than five hundred dollars ($500) nor more than five thousand dollars ($5,000).
  • (c) Whoever, without lawful authority, has in their possession or under their control any bomb, explosive device, or any destructive or incendiary device or substance or combination of materials that are readily convertible to a bomb, explosive device, or any destructive or incendiary device or substance shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than three (3) years nor more than twenty (20) years, or by a fine of not less than one thousand dollars ($1,000) nor more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000), or both.
  • SECTION 2. Chapter 11-13 of the General Laws entitled "Explosives and Fireworks" is hereby amended by adding thereto the following section:
  • 11-13-10. Definitions.
  • For purposes of this chapter unless the context otherwise requires:
  • (1) "Destructive or incendiary device or substance" means an explosive, article or device designed or adapted to cause physical harm to persons or property by means of fire, explosion, deflagration or detonation and consisting of any substance capable of being ignited, whether or not contrived to ignite or explode automatically.
  • (2) "Explosive" means any chemical compound, mechanical mixture, or device that contains any oxidizing and combustible units, or other ingredients, in such proportions, quantities, or packing that ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion, or by detonation of the compound, mixture, or device or any part thereof may cause an explosion; any chemical compound, mixture, or device, the primary or common purpose of which is to function by explosion; the term includes, but is not limited to high and low explosives, black powder, smokeless powder, pellet powder, initiating explosives, detonators, safety fuses, squibs, detonating cord, igniter cord, igniters; and other materials which are classified as Division 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 or 1.6 explosives by the United States Department of Transportation or listed pursuant to 18 USC § 841 or 27 CFR 555.23. "Explosive" shall not include a pyrotechnic, small arms ammunition, small arms ammunition primers, smokeless powder and black powders possessed in quantities allowable by law and unless possessed or used for an illegal purpose.
  • (2) "Explosive" means any chemical compound, mechanical mixture, or device that contains any oxidizing and combustible units, or other ingredients, in such proportions, quantities, or packing that ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion, or by detonation of the compound, mixture, or device or any part thereof may cause an explosion; any chemical compound, mixture, or device, the primary or common purpose of which is to function by explosion; the term includes, but is not limited to high and low explosives, black powder, smokeless powder, pellet powder, initiating explosives, detonators, safety fuses, squibs, detonating cord, igniter cord, igniters; and other materials which are classified as Division 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 or 1.6 explosives by the United States Department of Transportation or listed pursuant to 18 USC § 841 or 27 CFR 555.23. "Explosive" shall not include a pyrotechnic, small arms ammunition, small arms ammunition primers, smokeless powder and black powders possessed in quantities allowable by law pursuant to § 23-28.28-5 unless possessed or used for an illegal purpose.
  • (3) "Hoax explosive", "hoax destructive or incendiary device or substance" or "hoax chemical, biological or nuclear weapon" means any device, article or substance that would cause a person to reasonably believe that such device, article or substance is: (i) An explosive; (ii) A destructive or incendiary device or substance; or (iii) A chemical, biological or nuclear weapon, harmful radioactive substance or poison capable of causing bodily injury which is actually an inoperable facsimile.
  • (4) "Oxidizer" means a substance that yields oxygen readily to stimulate the combustion of organic matter or other fuel.
  • (5) "Places" means to set or put in a particular space.
  • (6) "Pyrotechnic" means any commercially manufactured combustible or explosive composition or manufactured article designed and prepared for the purpose of producing an audible effect or a visible display including, but not limited to: (i) Fireworks, firecrackers; (ii) Flares, fuses and torpedoes, so-called, and similar signaling devices.
  • (7) "Readily converted" means any combination of components that have been brought together in a manner for assembly that is designed or adapted to cause physical harm to persons or property by means of fire, explosion, deflagration or detonation but are not yet in a completed stage. Elements to determine whether an item is "readily converted" include, but are not limited to: (1) Time required to convert the components; (2) Ease of conversion; (3) Expertise needed; (4) Necessary equipment; (5) Availability of parts and the ease in which they can be obtained; (6) Expense; (7) Scope to which the item(s) have already been modified; and (8) Feasibility.
  • (8) "Small arms ammunition" means any shotgun, rifle, pistol, or revolver cartridge, and cartridges for propellant-actuated power devices and industrial guns.
  • SECTION 3. This act shall take effect upon passage.
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  • LC005619
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  • EXPLANATION
  • BY THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
  • OF
  • A N A C T
  • RELATING TO CRIMINAL OFFENSES – EXPLOSIVES AND FIREWORKS
  • ***
  • This act would make it illegal to possess, place, or threaten to place, without lawful authority, a bomb, or other explosive device, or any destructive or incendiary device or substance and/or any substance or combination of materials that are readily convertible to a bomb, explosive device, or any destructive or incendiary device or substance and would create criminal violations for such violations.
  • This act would take effect upon passage. ======== LC005619 ========
  • This act would take effect upon passage. ======== LC005619/SUB A ========

Votes

NOTE: Electronic voting records are unofficial and may not be accurate. For an official vote tally, check the House or Senate Journal from the day of the vote.

Floor vote for Passage

June 20, 2018 at 8:57pm
Yeas: 35 / Nays: 0 / Not voting: 2 / Recused: 0
Legislator Vote
Sen. Algiere Y
Sen. Archambault Y
Sen. Calkin Y
Sen. Cano Y
Sen. Ciccone Y
Sen. Conley Y
Sen. Cote Y
Sen. Coyne Y
Sen. Crowley Y
Sen. DaPonte NV
Sen. DiPalma Y
Sen. Euer Y
Sen. Felag Y
Sen. Fogarty Y
Sen. Gallo Y
Sen. Gee Y
Sen. Goldin NV
Sen. Goodwin Y
Sen. Jabour Y
Sen. Lombardi Y
Sen. Lombardo Y
Sen. Lynch Prata Y
Sen. McCaffrey Y
Sen. Metts Y
Sen. Miller Y
Sen. Morgan Y
Sen. Nesselbush Y
Sen. Paolino Y
Sen. Pearson Y
Sen. Picard Y
Sen. Quezada Y
Sen. Raptakis Y
Sen. Ruggerio Y
Sen. Satchell Y
Sen. Seveney Y
Sen. Sheehan Y
Sen. Sosnowski Y

Floor vote for PASSAGE IN CONCURRENCE

June 22, 2018 at 4:36pm
Yeas: 69 / Nays: 0 / Not voting: 6 / Recused: 0
Legislator Vote
Rep. Abney Y
Rep. Ackerman Y
Rep. Ajello Y
Rep. Almeida Y
Rep. Amore Y
Rep. Azzinaro Y
Rep. Barros Y
Rep. Bennett Y
Rep. Blazejewski Y
Rep. Canario Y
Rep. Carson Y
Rep. Casey Y
Rep. Casimiro Y
Rep. Chippendale Y
Rep. Corvese Y
Rep. Costantino Y
Rep. Coughlin Y
Rep. Craven Y
Rep. Cunha Y
Rep. Diaz NV
Rep. Donovan Y
Rep. Edwards Y
Rep. Fellela Y
Rep. Filippi Y
Rep. Fogarty Y
Rep. Giarrusso Y
Rep. Handy Y
Rep. Hearn NV
Rep. Hull Y
Rep. Jacquard Y
Rep. Johnston Y
Rep. Kazarian NV
Rep. Keable Y
Rep. Kennedy Y
Rep. Knight Y
Rep. Lancia Y
Rep. Lima Y
Rep. Lombardi Y
Rep. Maldonado Y
Rep. Marshall Y
Rep. Marszalkowski Y
Rep. Mattiello Y
Rep. McEntee Y
Rep. McKiernan Y
Rep. McLaughlin Y
Rep. McNamara Y
Rep. Mendonca Y
Rep. Messier Y
Rep. Morgan Y
Rep. Morin Y
Rep. Nardolillo Y
Rep. Newberry Y
Rep. Nunes NV
Rep. O'Brien NV
Rep. O'Grady Y
Rep. Perez Y
Rep. Phillips Y
Rep. Price Y
Rep. Quattrocchi Y
Rep. Ranglin-Vassell Y
Rep. Regunberg Y
Rep. Roberts Y
Rep. Ruggiero Y
Rep. Serpa Y
Rep. Shanley Y
Rep. Shekarchi Y
Rep. Slater NV
Rep. Solomon Y
Rep. Tanzi Y
Rep. Tobon Y
Rep. Ucci Y
Rep. Vella-Wilkinson Y
Rep. Walsh Y
Rep. Williams Y
Rep. Winfield Y