2019-03-01: Scheduled for hearing and/or consideration (03/06/2019)
2019-03-01: Scheduled for hearing and/or consideration
2019-03-04: Committee postponed at request of sponsor (03/06/2019)
2019-03-15: Scheduled for hearing and/or consideration (03/20/2019)
2019-03-20: Committee recommended measure be held for further study
2019-06-07: Scheduled for consideration (06/12/2019)
2019-06-07: Proposed Substitute
2019-06-12: Committee recommends passage of Sub A
2019-06-14: Placed on House Calendar (06/19/2019)
2019-06-19: House passed Sub A
2019-06-21: Referred to Senate Health and Human Services
2019-06-21: Scheduled for hearing and/or consideration (06/25/2019)
2019-06-25: Committee recommended Substitute A be held for further study
Changes since original draft
2019 – H 5434
S T A T E O F R H O D E I S L A N D
IN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
JANUARY SESSION, A.D. 2019
A N A C T
RELATING TO FOOD AND DRUGS – UNIFORM CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT
Introduced By: Representatives Amore, Serodio, Ruggiero, and Kazarian
Date Introduced: February 14, 2019
Referred To: House Health, Education & Welfare
It is enacted by the GeneralAssembly as follows:
SECTION 1. Section 21-28-3.20 of the GeneralLaws in Chapter 21-28 entitled "Uniform Controlled Substances Act"is hereby amended to read as follows:
21-28-3.20. Authority of practitioner to prescribe, administer, and dispense.
(a) A practitioner, in good faith and in the course of his or her professionalpractice only, may prescribe, administer, and dispense controlled substances, or he or she may cause the controlled substances to be administered by a nurse or intern under his or her direction and supervision.
(b) The prescription-monitoring program shall be reviewed prior to starting any opioid. A prescribing practitioner, or designee as authorized by § 21-28-3.32(a)(3), shall review the prescription-monitoring program prior to refilling or initiating opioid therapy with an intrathecal pump. For patients the prescribing practitioner is maintaining on continuous opioid therapy for pain for three (3) months or longer, the prescribing practitioner shall review information from the prescription-monitoring program at least every three (3) months. Documentation of that review shall be noted in the patient's medical record.
(c) The director of health shall develop regulations for prescribing practitioners on appropriate limits of opioid use in acute pain management. Initial prescriptions of opioids for acute pain management of outpatient adults shall not exceed thirty (30) morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs) total daily dose per day for a maximum total of twenty (20) doses, and, for pediatric patients, the appropriate opioid dosage maximum per the department of health.
(d) For the purposes of this section, acute pain management shallnot include chronic pain management, pain associated with a cancer diagnosis, palliative or nursing home care, chronic intractable pain, or other exception in accordance with department of health regulations:
(1) "Chronic intractable pain" means pain that is: excruciating; constant; incurable, and of such severity that it dominates virtually every conscious moment; produces mental and physical debilitation; and may produce a desire to commit suicide for the sole purpose of stopping the pain.
(e) Subsection (c) shall not apply to medications designed for the treatment of substance abuse or opioid dependence.
(f) On or before September 1, 2018, the director of health shall develop, and make available to health-care practitioners, information on best practices for co-prescribing opioid antagonists to patients. The best practices information shall identify situations in which co- prescribing an opioid antagonist may be appropriate, including, but not limited to:
(1) In conjunction with a prescription for an opioid medication, under circumstances in which the health-care practitioner determines the patient is at an elevated risk for an opioid drug overdose;
(2) In conjunction with medications prescribed pursuant to a course of medication therapy management for the treatment of a substance use disorder involving opioids; or
(3) Under any other circumstances in which a health-care practitioner identifies a patient as being at an elevated risk for an opioid drug overdose.
(g) The best practices information developed pursuant to subsection (f) of this section shall include guidelines for determining when a patient is at an elevated risk for an opioid drug overdose, including, but not limited to, situations in which the patient:
(1) Meets the criteria provided in the opioid overdose toolkit published by the federal substance abuse and mentalhealth service administration;
(2) Is receiving high-dose, extended-release, or long-acting opioid medications;
(3) Has a documented history of an alcohol or substance use disorder, or a mentalhealth disorder;
(4) Has a respiratory ailment or other co-morbidity that may be exacerbated by the use of opioid medications;
(5) Has a known history of intravenous drug use or misuse of prescription opioids;
(6) Has received emergency medicalcare or been hospitalized for an opioid overdose; or
(7) Uses opioids with antidepressants, benzodiazepines, alcohol, or other drugs.
(h) On or before September 1, 2018, the director of health and the secretary of the executive office of health and human services shall develop strategies that include:
(1) Allowing practitioners in non-pharmacy settings to prescribe and dispense opioid antagonists; and
(2) Ensuring that opioid antagonists that are distributed in a non-pharmacy setting are eligible for reimbursement from any health insurance carrier, as defined under chapters 18, 19, 20, and 41 of title 27, and the Rhode Island medicalassistance program, as defined under chapter 7.2 of title 42.
SECTION 2. Chapter 21-28 of the General Laws entitled "Uniform Controlled Substances Act"is hereby amended by adding thereto the following section:
21-28-3.20.1. Authority of practitioner to prescribe, administer, and dispense – Cancer, palliative care and chronic intractable pain.
(a) A practitioner, in good faith and in the course of his or her professional practice managing pain associated with a cancer diagnosis, palliative or nursing home care, chronic intractable pain, or other condition allowed by department of health regulations pursuant to the exception in § 21-28-3.20(d), may prescribe, administer, and dispense controlled substances, or he or she may cause the controlled substances to be administered by a nurse or intern under his or her direction and supervision without regard to the 2016 CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain.
(b) For the purposes of this section "chronic intractable pain" means pain that is: excruciating; constant; incurable, and of such severity that it dominates virtually every conscious moment; produces mental and physical debilitation; and may produce a desire to commit suicide for the sole purpose of stopping the pain. A diagnosis of chronic intractable pain made by a physician licensed in any of the United States or the District of Columbia, and supported by written documentation of the diagnosis by the treating physician, shall constitute proof that the patient suffers from chronic and intractable pain.
(c) Practitioners, in the course of their professional practice, shall not refuse treatment to chronic intractable pain patients for the sole reason that these patients require intensive treatment.
(d) Pharmacists, upon receiving the proper documentation that a person suffers from chronic intractable pain, shall not refuse to fill a prescription related to the diagnosis. Documentation related to the filling of a prescription under this subsection shall only be required by the pharmacist upon the initial filling of the prescription.
(e) The director of health shall promulgate rules and regulations necessary to ensure that pain management associated with a cancer diagnosis, palliative or nursing home care, chronic intractable pain, or other condition allowed by department of health regulations pursuant to the exception created in § 21-28-3.20(d), as may be necessary to effectuate the provisions of this section.
(d) Rules and regulations promulgated herein shall take into consideration the individualized needs of patients covered by this section and make provisions for practitioners acting in good faith, and in the course of their profession, and managing pain associated with their patients' illness, to use their best judgment notwithstanding any state or federal laws, rule or regulation to the contrary.
SECTION 3. This act shalltake effect upon passage. ======== LC001373 ========
BY THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
A N A C T
RELATING TO FOOD AND DRUGS – UNIFORM CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT
This act would exclude chronic intractable pain from the definition of "acute pain management", for purposes of prescribing, administering and dispensing controlled substances by a practitioner. The act would prescribe new guidelines for the treatment of "chronic intractable pain" based upon 2016 CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain.
This act would take effect upon passage. ======== LC001373 ========
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